JSON Web Token (JWT, pronounced ) is a JSON-based open standard (RFC 7519) for creating access tokens that assert some number of claims. For example, a server could generate a token that has the claim "logged in as admin" and provide that to a client. The client could then use that token to prove that it is logged in as admin.
In computer systems, an access token contains the security credentials for a login session and identifies the user, the user's groups, the user's privileges, and, in some cases, a particular application.
An HTTP cookie (also called web cookie, Internet cookie, browser cookie, or simply cookie) is a small piece of data sent from a website and stored on the user's computer by the user's web browser while the user is browsing.
Alan Alda (; born Alphonso Joseph D'Abruzzo; January 28, 1936) is an American actor, director, screenwriter, and author. A seven-time Emmy Award and Golden Globe Award winner, he is widely known for his roles as Captain Hawkeye Pierce in the TV series M*A*S*H (1972–1983), hosting of Scientific American Frontiers, and as Arnold Vinick in The West Wing (2004–2006).
Giovanni Maria Versace (Italian pronunciation: [ˈdʒanni verˈsaːtʃe]; 2 December 1946 – 15 July 1997) was an Italian fashion designer and founder of Versace, an international fashion house that produces accessories, fragrances, make-up, home furnishings, and clothes. He also designed costumes for theatre and films.
Andrew Phillip Cunanan (August 31, 1969 – July 23, 1997) was an American serial killer who murdered at least five people, including fashion designer Gianni Versace and Chicago tycoon Lee Miglin, during a three-month period in mid-1997. On June 12, 1997, Cunanan became the 449th fugitive to be listed by the FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list.
Betacam is a family of half-inch professional videocassette products developed by Sony in 1982. In colloquial use, "Betacam" singly is often used to refer to a Betacam camcorder, a Betacam tape, a Betacam video recorder or the format itself.
Dolores Mary Eileen O'Riordan (; 6 September 1971 – 15 January 2018) was an Irish musician and singer-songwriter. She led the rock band the Cranberries for 13 years before the band took a break starting in 2003, reuniting in 2009. Her first solo album, Are You Listening? , was released in May 2007 and was followed up by No Baggage in 2009.
Jacinda Kate Laurell Ardern (, born 26 July 1980) is a New Zealand politician who has been serving as the 40th Prime Minister of New Zealand since 26 October 2017. She is also Leader of the Labour Party, having taken office on 1 August 2017, and has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for the Mount Albert electorate since 8 March 2017.
This is a chronology of deaths in 2018. Names are reported under the date of death. Names under each date are listed in alphabetical order by surname or pseudonym.
Liam John Neeson, OBE (born 7 June 1952) is an actor from Northern Ireland. In 1976, he joined the Lyric Players' Theatre in Belfast for two years. He then acted in the Arthurian film, Excalibur (1981).
The USA Gymnastics sex abuse scandal is a series of criminal activities involving the sexual abuse of female athletes, including minors, by Larry Nassar, a former USA Gymnastics national team physician. He is named in hundreds of lawsuits filed by athletes who allege that Nassar sexually abused them under the pretense of giving them medical treatment.
Darth Vader (), also known by his birth name Anakin Skywalker, is a fictional character in the Star Wars franchise. Vader appears in the original film trilogy as a pivotal antagonist whose actions drive the plot, while his past as Anakin Skywalker and the story of his corruption are central to the narrative of the prequel trilogy.
Stephanie Gregory Clifford (born March 17, 1979) is an American pornographic actress, screenwriter, and director best known by her stage name Stormy Daniels and also known as Stormy Waters and simply Stormy. She is a member of the NightMoves, AVN and XRCO Halls of Fame.
Bobbie the Wonder Dog (1921–1927) was a dog who traveled 2,551 miles (4,105 km) on his own to return home to Silverton, Oregon after he was lost while his owners were visiting family in Wolcott, Indiana. Ripley's estimated the journey may have been as long as 3,000 miles (4,800 km).
Nicholas Hilmy Kyrgios ( KIRR-ee-oss; Greek: Νικόλαος Χίλμη "Νίκος" Κύργιος; born 27 April 1995) is an Australian professional tennis player who is currently ranked world No. 17 in men's singles by the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP). He won the boys' singles event at the 2013 Australian Open and the boys' doubles event at the 2013 Wimbledon Championships.
Dame Helen Lydia Mirren, (née Mironoff; born 26 July 1945) is an English actor. Mirren began her acting career with the Royal Shakespeare Company in 1967, and is one of the few performers who have achieved the Triple Crown of Acting.
Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) has been Queen of the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand since 6 February 1952.
The Assassination of Gianni Versace: American Crime Story is the second season of the FX true crime anthology television series American Crime Story. The season premiered on January 17, 2018, and will consist of a total of 9 episodes.
Jo-Wilfried Tsonga (French pronunciation: [ʒo wilfʁid tsɔŋɡa]; born 17 April 1985) is a French professional tennis player who is currently ranked world No. 15 in men's singles by the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP). He was born in Le Mans, to a Congolese father, Didier Tsonga, who moved to France in the 1970s to play handball, and a French mother, Évelyne.
Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon, (Margaret Rose; 21 August 1930 – 9 February 2002) was the younger daughter of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother and the only sibling of Queen Elizabeth II. Margaret spent much of her childhood in the company of her elder sister and parents.
Donatella Francesca Versace (Italian: [donaˈtɛlla franˈtʃeska verˈsaːtʃe]; born 2 May 1955) is an Italian fashion designer and current vice president of the Versace Group, as well as its chief designer. She owns a 20% share of the business. During the 1980s, Donatella's brother, Gianni Versace, launched a perfume dedicated to her, Blonde, and gave her her own diffusion label, Versus.
Kanye Omari West (; born June 8, 1977) is an American rapper, singer, songwriter, record producer, fashion designer, and entrepreneur. Born in Atlanta and raised in Chicago, West briefly attended art school before becoming known as a producer for Roc-A-Fella Records in the early 2000s, producing hit singles for artists such as Jay-Z and Alicia Keys.
In United States politics, a government shutdown occurs when Congress and the President fail to pass appropriations legislation funding government operations and agencies.
This is a list of stand-up comedians from the United States. Many on this list also have podcasts.
The following is a list of notable stand-up comedians by nationality.
This is a list of notable stand-up comedians from Australia.
This is a list of notable stand-up comedians from Canada.
From a page move: This is a redirect from a page that has been moved (renamed). This page was kept as a redirect to avoid breaking links, both internal and external, that may have been made to the old page name.
This is a list of macOS components, features that are included in the current Mac operating system.
Sir Daniel Michael Blake Day-Lewis (born 29 April 1957) is an English actor who holds both British and Irish citizenship. Born and raised in London, he excelled on stage at the National Youth Theatre, before being accepted at the Bristol Old Vic Theatre School, which he attended for three years.
Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death. On 1 May 1876, she adopted the additional title of Empress of India. Victoria was the daughter of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, the fourth son of King George III.
12 Strong (also known as 12 Strong: The Declassified True Story of the Horse Soldiers) is a 2018 American war drama film directed by Nicolai Fuglsig and written by Ted Tally and Peter Craig.
Laverne Cox (born May 29) is an American actress and LGBT advocate. She rose to prominence with her role as Sophia Burset on the Netflix series Orange Is the New Black, becoming the first openly transgender person to be nominated for a Primetime Emmy Award in the acting category, and the first to be nominated for an Emmy Award since composer/musician Angela Morley in 1990.
Eric Bryan Lindros (; born February 28, 1973) is a Canadian former professional ice hockey player. Lindros played junior hockey in the Ontario Hockey League (OHL) for the Oshawa Generals prior to being chosen first overall in the 1991 NHL Entry Draft by the Quebec Nordiques.
Bitcoin is a cryptocurrency and worldwide payment system. It is the first decentralized digital currency, as the system works without a central bank or single administrator. The network is peer-to-peer and transactions take place between users directly, without an intermediary.
The End of the F***ing World is a British dark comedy-drama television series, based on the comic series The End of the Fucking World by Charles S. Forsman. The eight-part series premiered on Channel 4 in the United Kingdom on 24 October 2017, after the entire series was released on All 4. The End of the F***ing World was exclusively released by Netflix internationally on 5 January 2018.
Donald John Trump (born June 14, 1946) is the 45th and current President of the United States, in office since January 20, 2017. Before entering politics, he was a businessman and television personality. Trump was born and grew up in the New York City borough of Queens.
Alexandra Rose Raisman (born May 25, 1994) is an American gymnast and two-time Olympian. She was a member and captain of both the 2012 "Fierce Five" and 2016 "Final Five" U.S. women's Olympic gymnastics which won their respective team competitions.
Sigrid Solbakk Raabe (born 5 September 1996), known professionally as simply Sigrid, is a Norwegian singer and songwriter. In 2017 she achieved international success with the single "Don't Kill My Vibe" and in January 2018 she won the BBC Music Sound of 2018 award.
Black Mirror is a British science fiction anthology television series created by Charlie Brooker, with Brooker and Annabel Jones serving as the programme showrunners. It examines modern society, particularly with regard to the unanticipated consequences of new technologies.
Heywood "Woody" Allen (born Allan Stewart Konigsberg; December 1, 1935) is an American filmmaker, writer, actor, comedian, and musician whose career spans more than six decades. He worked as a comedy writer in the 1950s, writing jokes and scripts for television and publishing several books of short humor pieces.
The Greatest Showman is a 2017 American historical period drama musical film directed by Michael Gracey in his directorial debut, written by Jenny Bicks and Bill Condon and starring Hugh Jackman, Zac Efron, Michelle Williams, Rebecca Ferguson, and Zendaya. The film is inspired by the story of P. T. Barnum's creation of the Barnum & Bailey Circus and the lives of its star attractions.
Theodore Robert Bundy (born Theodore Robert Cowell; November 24, 1946 – January 24, 1989) was an American serial killer, kidnapper, rapist, burglar, and necrophile who assaulted and murdered numerous young women and girls during the 1970s and possibly earlier.
In computing, a magic cookie, or just cookie for short, is a token or short packet of data passed between communicating programs, where the data is typically not meaningful to the recipient program. The contents are opaque and not usually interpreted until the recipient passes the cookie data back to the sender or perhaps another program at a later time.
Tonya Maxene Price known professionally as Tonya Harding (born November 12, 1970) is a retired American figure skater. She was the 1991 U.S. champion and 1991 World Championship silver medalist. Harding is also a two-time Olympian and a two-time Skate America Champion.
xXx (pronounced as Triple X) is an American action film franchise created by Rich Wilkes. The franchise stars Vin Diesel and Ice Cube and consists of three films: xXx (2002), xXx: State of the Union (2005) and xXx: Return of Xander Cage (2017), and a short film: The Final Chapter: The Death of Xander Cage. The series has grossed $656 million worldwide.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 1874 – 24 January 1965) was a British statesman, army officer and writer, who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955. As a Member of Parliament (MP), he represented five constituencies over the course of his career, in both England and Scotland.
Joel Hans Embiid ( joh-EL EM-beed; born 16 March 1994) is a Cameroonian professional basketball player for the Philadelphia 76ers of the National Basketball Association (NBA). After one year of college basketball at the University of Kansas, he was drafted with the third overall pick in the 2014 NBA draft by the 76ers.
This list of the oldest companies in the world includes brands and companies, excluding associations and educational, government, or religious organizations. To be listed, a brand or company name must remain operating, either in whole or in part, since inception.
Black Mirror is a British television series created by Charlie Brooker. The series is produced by Zeppotron for Endemol. Regarding the programme's content and structure, Brooker noted, "each episode has a different cast, a different setting, and even a different reality.
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (born Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark, 10 June 1921) is the husband and consort of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms. A member of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, Philip was born into the Greek and Danish royal families.
Antonio D'Amico (born 20 January 1959) is an Italian model and fashion designer. He is best known as the boyfriend of Gianni Versace.
Belcalis Almanzar (born October 11, 1992), known professionally as Cardi B, is an American rapper, singer, songwriter, and media personality. Born and raised in The Bronx, New York, she first attracted attention for discussing her career as a stripper on social media; coupled with her "no filter attitude", she became an Internet celebrity through Instagram.
Martin Luther King Jr. (born Michael King Jr., January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American Baptist minister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the civil rights movement from 1954 through 1968.
Roger Federer is the defending champion. The top two seeds, Rafael Nadal and Federer are in contention for the ATP no. 1 singles ranking at the start of the tournament.
Alexis Alejandro Sánchez Sánchez (Spanish pronunciation: [aˈleksis ˈsantʃes]; born 19 December 1988), also known simply as Alexis, is a Chilean professional footballer who plays as a forward for English club Arsenal and the Chile national team. Sánchez began his career as a youth player for Cobreloa at age 17, completing a season at the club before relocating to Italy to play for Udinese in 2006.
From October 1, to October 17, 2013, the United States federal government entered a shutdown and curtailed most routine operations because neither legislation appropriating funds for fiscal year 2014 nor a continuing resolution for the interim authorization of appropriations for fiscal year 2014 was enacted in time.
Allegra Versace Beck (Italian pronunciation: [ˈale:ɡra ver. saːtʃe ˌbɛ:k]; born 30 June 1986), commonly known as Allegra Versace, is an Italian heiress and socialite. Since 2011 Allegra has been a director of Gianni Versace S.p. A. and has worked in New York City as a theatrical dresser.
Fort Jefferson is a massive but unfinished coastal fortress. It is the largest brick masonry structure in the Americas, and is composed of over 16 million bricks, the building covers 16 acres (6. 5 ha). Among United States forts, only Fort Monroe in Virginia and Fort Adams in Rhode Island are larger.
Hailee Steinfeld (born December 11, 1996) is an American actress and singer. She made her breakthrough starring as Mattie Ross in True Grit (2010), for which she was nominated for numerous accolades, including the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress. Thereafter, Steinfeld gained prominence for roles in Ender's Game (2013), Romeo & Juliet (2013), Begin Again (2013) and 3 Days to Kill (2014).
Kimberly Kardashian West (born Kimberly Noel Kardashian; October 21, 1980) is an American reality television personality, socialite, actress, businesswoman and model. Kardashian first gained media attention as a friend and stylist of Paris Hilton, but received wider notice after a 2003 sex tape with her former boyfriend Ray J was leaked in 2007.
UFC 220: Miocic vs. Ngannou is an upcoming mixed martial arts event produced by the Ultimate Fighting Championship that will be held on January 20, 2018 at TD Garden in Boston, Massachusetts.
Military chocolate has been a part of standard United States military ration since the original Ration D or D ration bar of 1937. Today, military chocolate is issued to troops as part of basic field rations and sundry packs. Chocolate rations served two purposes: as a morale boost, and as a high-energy, pocket-sized emergency ration.
The Cranberries are an Irish rock band formed in Limerick in 1989 by lead singer Niall Quinn, guitarist Noel Hogan, bassist Mike Hogan, and drummer Fergal Lawler. Quinn was replaced as lead singer by Dolores O'Riordan in 1990. Although widely associated with alternative rock, the band's sound also incorporates indie pop, post-punk, Irish folk, and pop rock elements.
Karla Camila Cabello Estrabao (English: /kə'mi'lə kəˈbeɪoʊ/, Spanish: [ka'mila ka'beʎo]; born March 3, 1997) is a Cuban-American singer and songwriter. She rose to fame as a member of the girl group Fifth Harmony, who came in third place on the second season of The X Factor in 2012.
The Post is a 2017 American political thriller film directed and produced by Steven Spielberg and written by Liz Hannah and Josh Singer. The film stars Meryl Streep as Kay Graham and Tom Hanks as Ben Bradlee, with Sarah Paulson, Bob Odenkirk, Tracy Letts, Bradley Whitford, Bruce Greenwood, Carrie Coon, and Matthew Rhys in supporting roles.
Jan "Lewan" Lewandowski (Polish pronunciation: [lɛvanˈdɔfskʲi]; born 1941) is a Polish-American author, songwriter, polka band leader and convicted criminal. Lewan's financial crimes were described by The Morning Call as a "classic Ponzi scheme".
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3. 8 million square miles (9.
Shinzō Abe (安倍 晋三, Abe Shinzō, IPA: [abe ɕin(d)zoː]; born 21 September 1954) is the current Prime Minister of Japan and the President of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP). He is the third-longest serving Prime Minister in post-war Japan.
Jumanji: Welcome to the Jungle is an American action adventure comedy film directed by Jake Kasdan and written by Chris McKenna, Erik Sommers, Scott Rosenberg, and Jeff Pinkner, from a story by McKenna. It is the second installment in the Jumanji franchise, based on the 1981 children's book of the same name by Chris Van Allsburg and serves as a stand-alone sequel to Jumanji (1995).
The 2018 Australian Open is an ongoing tennis tournament being played at Melbourne Park between 15–28 January 2018. It will be the first Grand Slam tournament of the 2018 season. It marks the 106th edition of the Australian Open of all-time, 50th edition of the tournament in the Open Era and the 200th overall Grand Slam event of the Open Era.
Star Wars: The Last Jedi (also known as Star Wars: Episode VIII – The Last Jedi) is a 2017 American epic space opera film written and directed by Rian Johnson. It is the second installment of the Star Wars sequel trilogy and the eighth main installment of the Star Wars franchise, following Star Wars: The Force Awakens (2015).
Facebook is an American online social media and social networking service based in Menlo Park, California. The Facebook website was launched on February 4, 2004, by Mark Zuckerberg, along with fellow Harvard College students and roommates, Eduardo Saverin, Andrew McCollum, Dustin Moskovitz, and Chris Hughes.
My Own Private Idaho is a 1991 American independent adventure drama film written and directed by Gus Van Sant, loosely based on Shakespeare's Henry IV, Part 1, Henry IV, Part 2, and Henry V, and starring River Phoenix and Keanu Reeves.
A cookie is a baked or cooked good that is small, flat and sweet.
Tiger Zinda Hai (English: Tiger Is Alive), also known as TZH, is a 2017 Hindi action thriller film co-written and directed by Ali Abbas Zafar. The film stars Salman Khan, Katrina Kaif and Sajjad Delfrooz in leading roles, with Angad Bedi, Kumud Mishra, Nawab Shah, Girish Karnad and Paresh Rawal in supporting roles.
James "Jamie" Dornan (born 1 May 1982) is a Northern Irish actor, model, and musician. He played Axel von Fersen in Sofia Coppola's Marie Antoinette (2006), Sheriff Graham Humbert in the ABC series Once Upon a Time (2011–2013), serial killer Paul Spector in the BBC Two and RTÉ One crime drama series The Fall (2013–2016), and Christian Grey in the Fifty Shades franchise (2015–present).
Millennials (also known as Generation Y) are the generational demographic cohort following Generation X. There are no precise dates for when this cohort starts or ends; demographers and researchers typically use the early 1980s as starting birth years and the mid-1990s to early 2000s as ending birth years.
This is a list of Bollywood films that are scheduled to be released in 2018.
Rachel Meghan Markle (born August 4, 1981) is an American actress and humanitarian who is set to become a member of the British royal family upon marriage to Prince Harry in May 2018. Markle was born and raised in Los Angeles, California. From 2011 to 2018, she portrayed Rachel Zane on the legal drama series Suits for seven seasons.
Saoirse Una Ronan ( SUR-shə; born 12 April 1994) is an Irish and American actress. Her accolades include a Golden Globe Award, two Academy Award nominations, and four British Academy Film Award nominations. In 2016, she was featured in Forbes's "30 Under 30" list and in Time's "Next Generation Leaders" list.
XVideos is one of the world's largest pornographic video sharing and viewing websites. The website is registered to the Polish company, WGCZ Holding. As of 15 January 2018, it was the 43rd most visited website in the world.
Jeffrey Preston Bezos (; né Jorgensen; born January 12, 1964) is an American technology and retail entrepreneur, investor, electrical engineer, computer scientist, and philanthropist, best known as the founder, chairman, and chief executive officer of Amazon.com, the world's largest online shopping retailer.
Call Me by Your Name is a 2017 romantic coming-of-age drama film directed by Luca Guadagnino and written by James Ivory, based on the 2007 novel of the same name by André Aciman. It is the third and final installment in Guadagnino's thematic Desire trilogy, following I Am Love (2009) and A Bigger Splash (2015).
George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George; 14 December 1895 – 6 February 1952) was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth from 11 December 1936 until his death. He was the last Emperor of India and the first Head of the Commonwealth.
Phantom Thread is a 2017 American historical drama film written and directed by Paul Thomas Anderson, set in London's couture world in the 1950s. It stars Daniel Day-Lewis, Lesley Manville, and Vicky Krieps. It is reportedly Day-Lewis's last film role.
January 19 is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 346 days remaining until the end of the year (347 in leap years). This date is slightly more likely to fall on a Tuesday, Thursday or Saturday (58 in 400 years each) than on Sunday or Monday (57), and slightly less likely to occur on a Wednesday or Friday (56).
María de Lourdes "Mia" Villiers Farrow (born February 9, 1945) is an American actress, activist, and former fashion model. She first gained notice for her role as Allison MacKenzie in the television soap opera Peyton Place and gained further recognition for her subsequent short-lived marriage to Frank Sinatra.
Theodore John Kaczynski (; born May 22, 1942), also known as the Unabomber, is an American mathematician, anarchist and domestic terrorist. A mathematical prodigy, he abandoned an academic career in 1969 to pursue a primitive lifestyle, then between 1978 and 1995 killed 3 people, and injured 23 others, in a nationwide bombing campaign targeting those involved with modern technology.
Riverdale is an American television series based on the characters of Archie Comics. The series was adapted for The CW by Archie Comics' chief creative officer Roberto Aguirre-Sacasa. The series is produced by CBS Television Studios and Warner Bros.
The Winchester Mystery House is a mansion in San Jose, California, which was once the personal residence of Sarah Winchester, the widow of gun magnate William Wirt Winchester. Located at 525 South Winchester Blvd. in San Jose, the Queen Anne Style Victorian mansion is renowned for its size, its architectural curiosities, and its lack of any master building plan.
Britannia is a British historical period drama written by Jez Butterworth. The ten-part series is the first co-production between Sky and Amazon Prime Video, and stars Kelly Reilly, David Morrissey, Zoë Wanamaker, Liana Cornell and Stanley Weber.
Phineas Taylor Barnum (July 5, 1810 – April 7, 1891) was an American showman, politician, and businessman remembered for promoting celebrated hoaxes and for founding the Barnum & Bailey Circus (1871-2017). Although Barnum was also an author, publisher, philanthropist, and for some time a politician, he said of himself, "I am a showman by profession. . .
Serena Williams was the defending champion, but chose not to compete after giving birth to her daughter in September 2017. Simona Halep, Caroline Wozniacki, Elina Svitolina and Karolína Plíšková are in contention for the WTA no. 1 singles ranking at the completion of the third round.
Royal Rumble (2018) is an upcoming professional wrestling pay-per-view (PPV) event and WWE Network event produced by WWE for the Raw and SmackDown brands. It will take place on January 28, 2018, at the Wells Fargo Center in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Charles, Prince of Wales (Charles Philip Arthur George; born 14 November 1948) is the heir apparent to the British throne as the eldest child of Queen Elizabeth II. He has been Duke of Cornwall and Duke of Rothesay since 1952, and is the oldest and longest-serving heir apparent in British history. He is also the longest-serving Prince of Wales, having held that title since 1958.
Edward VIII (Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David; 23 June 1894 – 28 May 1972) was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Empire, and Emperor of India, from 20 January 1936 until his abdication on 11 December the same year. Edward was the eldest son of King George V and Queen Mary.