A line shaft is a power driven rotating shaft for power transmission that was used extensively from the Industrial Revolution until the early 20th century.
William Murdoch (sometimes spelled Murdock) (21 August 1754 – 15 November 1839) was a Scottish engineer and inventor. Murdoch was employed by the firm of Boulton & Watt and worked for them in Cornwall, as a steam engine erector for ten years, spending most of the rest of his life in Birmingham, England.
Wikipedia ( (listen) wik-ih-PEE-dee-ə or (listen) wik-ee-PEE-dee-ə) is a multilingual online encyclopedia created and maintained as an open collaboration project using a wiki-based editing system. It is the largest and most popular general reference work on the World Wide Web, and is one of the most popular websites ranked by Alexa as of June 2019.
Saaho (transl. May victory be yours) is a 2019 Indian action thriller film written and directed by Sujeeth. It was produced by Vamsi Krishna Reddy, Pramod Uppalapati and Bhushan Kumar under their respective banners of UV Creations and T-Series.
Valerie Kathryn Harper (August 22, 1939 – August 30, 2019) was an American actress. She began her career as a dancer on Broadway, making her debut in the musical Take Me Along in 1959. Harper is best remembered for her role as Rhoda Morgenstern on The Mary Tyler Moore Show (1970–77) and its spin-off Rhoda (1974–78).
Amrita Pritam (listen ; 31 August 1919 – 31 October 2005) was an Indian novelist, essayist and poet, who wrote in Punjabi and Hindi. She is considered the first prominent female Punjabi poet, novelist, essayist and the leading 20th-century poet of the Punjabi language, who is equally loved on both sides of the India–Pakistan border.
Francesco Columbu (August 7, 1941 – August 30, 2019) was an Sardinian born actor, author, former Mr Olympia , powerlifter, boxer and World's Strongest Man competitor.
Joker is a 2019 American psychological thriller film directed by Todd Phillips, who co-wrote the screenplay with Scott Silver. The film, based on DC Comics characters, stars Joaquin Phoenix as the Joker. Distributed by Warner Bros.
Anthoine Hubert (French pronunciation: [ɑ̃twan ybɛʁ]; 22 September 1996 – 31 August 2019) was a French professional racing driver. He was the 2018 GP3 Series champion. He died, aged 22, following an accident in the feature race at Spa-Francorchamps, during the 2019 FIA Formula 2 Championship.
The Dark Crystal: Age of Resistance is an American dark fantasy/adventure web television series produced in the United Kingdom. It is a prequel to the 1982 Jim Henson film The Dark Crystal. There are ten episodes and the series explores the world of Thra created for the original film.
The following deaths of notable individuals occurred in 2019. Names are reported under the date of death, in alphabetical order by surname or pseudonym. A typical entry reports information in the following sequence: Name, age, country of citizenship at birth, subsequent nationality (if applicable), what subject was noted for, cause of death (if known), and reference.
Vasyl Anatoliyovych Lomachenko (Ukrainian: Василь Анатолійович Ломаченко, IPA: [βɐˈsɪlʲ lomɐˈtʃɛnko]; also Vasily or Vasiliy; born 17 February 1988) is a Ukrainian professional boxer.
Carnival Row is an American neo-noir fantasy web television series created by René Echevarria and Travis Beacham that premiered on August 30, 2019 on Amazon Prime Video. The eight-episode series stars Orlando Bloom and Cara Delevingne. In July 2019, it was announced that Amazon had renewed the series for a second season.
Naomi Osaka (大坂 なおみ, Ōsaka Naomi, born October 16, 1997) is a professional tennis player who represents Japan. She is the reigning champion in women's singles at the US Open and the Australian Open. Osaka is currently ranked No.
Sirhan Bishara Sirhan (; Arabic: سرحان بشارة سرحان Sirḥān Bišāra Sirḥān, born March 19, 1944) is a Palestinian with Jordanian citizenship who mortally wounded United States Senator Robert F. Kennedy at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles, California, on June 5, 1968; Kennedy died the following day.
The genocide in Bangladesh began on 26 March 1971 with the launch of Operation Searchlight, as West Pakistan began a military crackdown on the Eastern wing of the nation to suppress Bengali calls for self-determination rights.
Once Upon a Time in Hollywood is a 2019 comedy-drama film written and directed by Quentin Tarantino. Produced by Columbia Pictures, Bona Film Group, Heyday Films, and Visiona Romantica and distributed by Sony Pictures Releasing, it is an international co-production between the United States and the United Kingdom.
UFC Fight Night: Andrade vs. Zhang (also known as UFC Fight Night 157 or UFC on ESPN+ 15) was a mixed martial arts event produced by the Ultimate Fighting Championship that took place on August 31, 2019 at Shenzhen Universiade Sports Centre Arena in Shenzhen, China.
Mindhunter is an American crime thriller web television series created by Joe Penhall, based on the true crime book Mindhunter: Inside the FBI's Elite Serial Crime Unit written by John E. Douglas and Mark Olshaker. The series is executive produced by Penhall, David Fincher, and Charlize Theron among others, and debuted worldwide on Netflix on October 13, 2017.
Sir Elton Hercules John (born Reginald Kenneth Dwight; 25 March 1947) is an English singer, songwriter, pianist, and composer. He has worked with lyricist Bernie Taupin since 1967; they have collaborated on more than 30 albums. John has sold more than 300 million records, making him one of the world's best-selling music artists.
The Dark Crystal is a 1982 puppet animated dark fantasy adventure film directed by Jim Henson and Frank Oz. It stars the voices of Stephen Garlick, Lisa Maxwell, Billie Whitelaw, Percy Edwards, and Barry Dennen. The film was produced by ITC Entertainment and Henson Associates and distributed by Universal Pictures.
Jacques Berman Webster II (born April 30, 1991), known professionally as Travis Scott (formerly stylized as Travi$ Scott), is an American rapper, singer, songwriter and record producer. In 2012, Scott signed his first major-label deal with Epic Records.
Mary Tyler Moore (December 29, 1936 – January 25, 2017) was a noted American stage, film and television actress, as well as a producer and social advocate. She was widely known for her prominent television sitcom roles in The Dick Van Dyke Show (1961–1966) and The Mary Tyler Moore Show (1970–1977).
Wayne Bertram Williams (born May 27, 1958) is an American murderer serving life imprisonment for the 1981 killing of two adult men in Atlanta, Georgia, and believed by police to be responsible for at least 23 of the 30 Atlanta murders of 1979–1981, or the Atlanta Child Murders. He was never tried for the child murders and continues to maintain his innocence.
Luke Campbell, (born 27 September 1987) is a British professional boxer. He held the WBC Silver and Commonwealth lightweight titles from 2016 to 2017, and has challenged once for the WBA and The Ring lightweight titles in 2017. As an amateur, Campbell won gold at the 2008 European Championships and 2012 Olympics, and silver at the 2011 World Championships, all in the bantamweight division.
Charles Milles Manson (né Maddox, November 12, 1934 – November 19, 2017) was an American criminal and cult leader. In mid-1967, he formed what became known as the Manson Family, a quasi-commune based in California. Manson's followers committed a series of nine murders at four locations in July and August 1969.
Daniel Owen James (born 10 November 1997) is a professional footballer who plays as a winger for Premier League club Manchester United and the Wales national team. He made his professional debut for Swansea City in February 2018, and signed for Manchester United in June 2019. He made his senior Wales debut in November 2018, having previously represented the nation at various youth levels.
Tiffany Ariana Trump (born October 13, 1993) is an American socialite, model, and the only child of US president Donald Trump and Marla Maples. With her father's inauguration as president on January 20, 2017, she became a member of the first family of the United States.
Madeleine Elise Westerhout (born October 8, 1990) is the former Director of Oval Office Operations at the White House from February to August 2019. Prior to that, from 2017 to 2019, she served as the Personal Secretary to U.S. President Donald Trump.
Cori "Coco" Gauff (born March 13, 2004) is an American tennis player. She is a former world No. 1 junior, having won one junior Grand Slam singles title and another in doubles.
David Khari Webber Chappelle (; born August 24, 1973) is an American stand-up comedian, actor, writer, and producer. Chappelle is the recipient of numerous accolades, including two Emmy Awards and two Grammy Awards. He is most known for his iconic and acclaimed satirical comedy sketch series Chappelle's Show (2003).
Joaquin Rafael Phoenix (; né Bottom; born October 28, 1974) is an American actor, producer, and activist. For his work as an actor, Phoenix has received a Grammy Award, a Golden Globe Award and three Academy Award nominations. Phoenix started acting in television series with his brother River Phoenix and sister Summer Phoenix.
Elena Jane Goulding ( GOHL-ding; born 30 December 1986) is an English singer and songwriter. Her career began when she met record producers Starsmith and Frankmusik, and she was later spotted by Jamie Lillywhite, who later became her manager and A&R. After signing to Polydor Records in July 2009, Goulding released her debut extended play, An Introduction to Ellie Goulding later that year.
Dark Phoenix (also known as X-Men: Dark Phoenix) is a 2019 American superhero film based on the Marvel Comics X-Men characters, produced by 20th Century Fox and distributed by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures. It is the twelfth installment of the X-Men film series, and the sequel to 2016's X-Men: Apocalypse.
13 Reasons Why (stylized onscreen as TH1RTEEN R3ASONS WHY) is an American teen drama web television series developed for Netflix by Brian Yorkey, based on the 2007 novel Thirteen Reasons Why by Jay Asher.
Billie Eilish Pirate Baird O'Connell (; born December 18, 2001) is an American singer-songwriter, model and dancer. Born and raised in Highland Park, Los Angeles, she began singing at a young age. She gained a following in 2016 when she released her single "Ocean Eyes" on audio distribution platform SoundCloud, subsequently released on the record labels Darkroom and Interscope Records.
Proposition 218 was an adopted initiative constitutional amendment which revolutionized local and regional government finance in California. Called the "Right to Vote on Taxes Act," it was sponsored by the Howard Jarvis Taxpayers Association as a constitutional follow-up to the landmark property tax reduction initiative constitutional amendment, Proposition 13, approved in 1978.
The 2019 FIBA Basketball World Cup is the 18th tournament of the FIBA Basketball World Cup for men's national basketball teams. The tournament is hosted in China and was rescheduled from 2018 to 2019, becoming the first since 1967 that will not occur in the same year as the FIFA World Cup (which was held the previous year). The group stage will expand from 24 to 32 teams.
Hurricane Irma was the strongest observed hurricane in the Atlantic in terms of maximum sustained winds since Wilma and the strongest storm on record to exist in the open Atlantic region. Irma was the first Category 5 hurricane to strike the Leeward Islands on record, followed by Maria two weeks later.
Christine Flores (born September 26, 1981), better known as Christina Milian (), is an American actress, singer and songwriter. Born in Jersey City, New Jersey, and raised in Maryland, Milian signed a contract with Def Jam at the age of 19.
Dennis Lynn Rader (born March 9, 1945) is an American serial killer known as BTK or the BTK Strangler. He gave himself the name "BTK" (for "Bind, Torture, Kill"). Between 1974 and 1991, Rader killed ten people in the Wichita, Kansas metro area.
The Dark Pictures: Man of Medan is an interactive drama horror game developed by Supermassive Games and published by Bandai Namco Entertainment. It is the first installment in The Dark Pictures Anthology series, and was released for Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 4 and Xbox One on August 30, 2019.
Fear Inoculum is the fifth studio album by American rock band Tool. It was released on August 30, 2019, through Tool Dissectional, Volcano Entertainment, and RCA Records. It is the band's first album in thirteen years, due to creative, personal, and legal issues band members encountered since the release of 10,000 Days.
Cara Jocelyn Delevingne ( KAH-rə DEL-ə-VEEN; born 12 August 1992) is an English model, singer, and actress. She signed with Storm Management after leaving school in 2009. Delevingne won Model of the Year at the British Fashion Awards in 2012 and 2014. Delevingne started her acting career with a minor role in the 2012 film adaptation of Anna Karenina.
NXT UK TakeOver: Cardiff was a professional wrestling show and WWE Network event produced by WWE for their NXT UK brand. It took place on August 31, 2019, at Motorpoint Arena Cardiff in Cardiff, Wales and was streamed live on the WWE Network. It was the second event promoted under the NXT UK TakeOver chronology, after NXT UK TakeOver: Blackpool.
Hurricane Dorian is an active and powerful tropical cyclone currently threatening the Bahamas and the Southeastern United States. The fourth named storm, second hurricane, and first major hurricane of the 2019 Atlantic hurricane season, Dorian developed from a tropical wave in the Central Atlantic. The system gradually intensified, and became a hurricane on August 28.
Elizabeth Woolridge "Lizzy" Grant (born June 21, 1985), known professionally as Lana Del Rey, is an American singer, songwriter, record producer, poet, model, and music video director.
Edmund Emil Kemper III (born December 18, 1948) is an American serial killer and necrophile who murdered ten people, including his paternal grandparents and mother. He is noted for his large size, at 6 feet 9 inches (2. 06 m), and for his high IQ, at 145. Kemper was nicknamed the "Co-ed Killer" as most of his victims were students at co-educational institutions.
Sharon Marie Tate Polanski (January 24, 1943 – August 9, 1969) was an American actress and model. During the 1960s, she played small television roles before appearing in films and was regularly featured in fashion magazines as a model and cover girl. After receiving positive reviews for her comedic and dramatic acting performances, Tate was hailed as one of Hollywood's most promising newcomers.
Freddie Mercury (born Farrokh Bulsara; 5 September 1946 – 24 November 1991) was a British singer, songwriter, record producer, and lead vocalist of the rock band Queen. Regarded as one of the greatest lead singers in the history of rock music, he was known for his flamboyant stage persona and four-octave vocal range.
Venkata Suryanarayana Prabhas Raju Uppalapati (born 23 October 1979), known mononymously as Prabhas, is an Indian actor who works in Telugu, Hindi and Tamil films. Prabhas made his screen debut with the 2002 Telugu action drama film Eeswar. He has garnered the state Nandi Award for Best Actor, for his role in Mirchi.
Jessica Combs (July 27, 1980 – August 27, 2019) was an American professional racer, television personality, and metal fabricator. She set a women’s land speed class record (four wheels) in 2013 and broke her own record in 2016. She was known as "the fastest woman on four wheels". She co-hosted the Spike TV show Xtreme 4x4 for more than 90 episodes from 2005 to 2009.
This is a list of Bollywood films that are scheduled to release in 2019.
Diana, Princess of Wales (born Diana Frances Spencer; 1 July 1961 – 31 August 1997), was a member of the British royal family. She was the first wife of Charles, Prince of Wales, and the mother of Prince William and Prince Harry.
All Out is an ongoing professional wrestling pay-per-view (PPV) event produced by All Elite Wrestling (AEW). It will take place on August 31, 2019 at the Sears Centre Arena in the Chicago suburb of Hoffman Estates, Illinois. The event will determine the inaugural AEW World Champion along with the unveiling of the AEW Women's World Championship belt.
The National Register of Citizens (NRC) is a register containing names of all genuine Indian citizens. The register was first prepared after the 1951 Census of India.
Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger (; German: [ˈaɐ̯nɔlt ˈʃvaɐ̯tsn̩ˌʔɛɡɐ]; born July 30, 1947) is an Austrian-American politician, actor, filmmaker, and former professional bodybuilder. He served as the 38th Governor of California from 2003 to 2011. Schwarzenegger began lifting weights at the age of 15.
Jussie Smollett ( JUSS-ee, born June 21, 1982) is an American actor and singer. He began his career as a child actor in 1987 acting in films including The Mighty Ducks (1992) and Rob Reiner's North (1994). In 2015, Smollett portrayed musician Jamal Lyon in the Fox drama series Empire, a role which was hailed as groundbreaking for its positive depiction of a black gay man on television.
Avengers: Endgame is a 2019 American superhero film based on the Marvel Comics superhero team the Avengers, produced by Marvel Studios and distributed by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures. It is the sequel to 2012's The Avengers, 2015's Avengers: Age of Ultron, and 2018's Avengers: Infinity War, and the twenty-second film in the Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU).
Tyler Wayne Skaggs (July 13, 1991 – July 1, 2019) was an American professional baseball player who was a starting pitcher in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Arizona Diamondbacks and Los Angeles Angels. The Angels selected Skaggs in the first round of the 2009 MLB draft. After the Angels traded him to the Diamondbacks during the 2010 season, Skaggs made his MLB debut in 2012.
Hurricane Andrew was a powerful and destructive Category 5 Atlantic hurricane that struck the Bahamas, Florida, and Louisiana in August 1992. It was the costliest hurricane to ever hit Florida until Hurricane Irma surpassed it 25 years later.
Taylor Townsend (born April 16, 1996) is an American professional tennis player. She reached a career-best Women's Tennis Association (WTA) ranking of No. 61 in the world in July 2018.
Tool is an American rock band from Los Angeles. Formed in 1990, the group's line-up includes drummer Danny Carey, guitarist Adam Jones, and vocalist Maynard James Keenan. Justin Chancellor has been the band's bassist since 1995, replacing their original bassist Paul D'Amour.
Neelima Azeem (born 2 December 1958) is an Indian TV actress. Azeem is the mother of actors Shahid Kapoor and Ishaan Khatter.
The 2019 US Open is the 139th edition of tennis' US Open and the fourth and final Grand Slam event of the year. It is being held on outdoor hard courts at the USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center in New York City. Novak Djokovic and Naomi Osaka are the men's and women's singles defending champions, respectively.
Norman Fucking Rockwell is the sixth studio album and fifth major-label record by American singer Lana Del Rey, released on August 30, 2019. The album was primarily produced by Del Rey and Jack Antonoff, with additional contributions from Zach Dawes, Andrew Watt and longtime Del Rey collaborator Rick Nowels.
Adam Demos is an Australian actor. He is best known for his role as Jake Taylor on the Netflix film Falling Inn Love, August Walker on the American television series UnREAL and Nate Baldwin on Australian television series Janet King.
The Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU) films are a series of American superhero films produced by Marvel Studios based on characters that appear in publications by Marvel Comics. The MCU is the shared universe in which all of the films are set.
Clinton Eastwood Jr. (born May 31, 1930) is an American actor, filmmaker, musician, and politician.
Angel Has Fallen is a 2019 American action thriller film directed by Ric Roman Waugh. It is the third installment in the Fallen film series, following Olympus Has Fallen (2013) and London Has Fallen (2016). The film stars Gerard Butler, Morgan Freeman, Jada Pinkett Smith, Lance Reddick, Tim Blake Nelson, Piper Perabo, Nick Nolte, and Danny Huston.
Mia Khalifa (Arabic: ميا خليفة; born February 10, 1993), also known as Mia Callista, is the professional name of a Lebanese-American social media personality, sports commentator and webcam model, best known for having been a pornographic actress from 2014 to 2015. Born in Beirut, Khalifa moved to the United States in 2001.
Hughie Lewis Fury (born 18 September 1994) is a British professional boxer. He won the British heavyweight title in May 2018, and challenged once for the WBO heavyweight title in 2017. As an amateur he represented England at the 2012 Youth World Championships, winning a gold medal in the super-heavyweight division and becoming the first British boxer to do so.
The Manson Family was a desert commune and cult that was active in California in the late 1960s, and its leader was Charles Manson. The group consisted of approximately 100 of his followers who lived an unconventional lifestyle with habitual use of hallucinogenic drugs.
William Mack Brown (born August 27, 1951) is an American college football coach. He is currently in his second stint as the head football coach at the University of North Carolina, where he coached from 1988 until departing in 1997 to become coach at the University of Texas. He was recently a college football commentator for ESPN.
Richard "Dick" Schaal (; May 5, 1928 – November 4, 2014) was an American film and television actor.
Novak Djokovic is the defending champion.
The Tate murders were the murders of six people conducted by members of the Manson Family on August 8–9, 1969. Four members of the Manson Family invaded the rented home of a married celebrity couple, actress Sharon Tate and director Roman Polanski at 10050 Cielo Drive in Los Angeles.
Peaky Blinders is a British crime drama television series created by Steven Knight, that premiered on BBC Two on 12 September 2013.
Susan Hayward (born Edythe Marrenner; June 30, 1917 – March 14, 1975) was an American actress and model. After working as a fashion model, Hayward traveled to Hollywood in 1937. She secured a film contract and played several small supporting roles over the next few years.
Orlando Jonathan Blanchard Bloom (born 13 January 1977) is an English actor. After making his breakthrough as Legolas in The Lord of the Rings film series, he rose to fame by further appearing in epic fantasy, historical epic, and fantasy adventure films. He later reprised his role as Legolas in The Hobbit film series.
It Chapter Two is a 2019 American supernatural horror film and the sequel to the 2017 film It, both based on the 1986 novel It by Stephen King. The film is directed by Andy Muschietti and written by Gary Dauberman. Set in 2016, 27 years after the events depicted in the first film, it stars Bill Skarsgård, returning as Pennywise the Dancing Clown.
Jadeveon Davarus Clowney ( jə-DEV-ee-on; born February 14, 1993) is an American football defensive end for the Seattle Seahawks of the National Football League (NFL). He graduated from South Pointe High School in Rock Hill, South Carolina and played college football at South Carolina.
This is a ranking of the highest grossing Indian films which includes films from various languages based on the conservative global box office estimates as reported by reputable sources. There is no official tracking of domestic box office figures within India, and Indian sites publishing data are frequently pressured to increase their domestic box office estimates.
Kevin Oghenetega Tamaraebi Bakumo-Abraham (born 2 October 1997), known as Tammy Abraham, is an English professional footballer who plays as a striker for Premier League club Chelsea and the England national team. An academy graduate of Chelsea, Abraham made his senior debut for the club in 2016 before spending a season on loan with Championship club Bristol City.
Terminator: Dark Fate is an upcoming American science fiction action film directed by Tim Miller, with a screenplay by David S. Goyer, Justin Rhodes and Billy Ray from a story by James Cameron, Charles Eglee, Josh Friedman, Goyer and Rhodes. Cameron and David Ellison are the film's producers.
Hurricane Matthew was the first Category 5 Atlantic hurricane since Felix in 2007. Matthew caused catastrophic damage and a humanitarian crisis in Haiti, as well as widespread devastation in the southeastern United States.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3. 8 million square miles (9.
Eddie Asner (; born November 15, 1929) is an American actor, voice actor, and a former president of the Screen Actors Guild. He is primarily known for his role as Lou Grant during the 1970s and early 1980s, on both The Mary Tyler Moore Show and its spin-off series Lou Grant, making him one of the few television actors to portray the same character in both a comedy and a drama.
Ready or Not is a 2019 American black comedy horror film directed by Matt Bettinelli-Olpin and Tyler Gillett from a screenplay by Guy Busick and R. Christopher Murphy. The film stars Samara Weaving as a newlywed who becomes hunted by her spouse's family as part of their wedding night ritual.
Donald John Trump (born June 14, 1946) is the 45th and current president of the United States. Before entering politics, he was a businessman and television personality. Trump was born and raised in the New York City borough of Queens, and received his B.S. degree in economics from the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania.
Denis Kudla ( KOOD-lə; born August 17, 1992) is an American professional tennis player of Ukrainian descent.
This is a List of Category 5 Atlantic hurricanes. A total of 34 recorded tropical cyclones have reached Category 5 strength on the Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale in the Atlantic Ocean north of the equator, the Caribbean Sea, and the Gulf of Mexico. Hurricanes of such intensity occur once every three years in this region on average.
Rajesh Khattar is an Indian television and film actor, voice actor, and screenwriter.
The Islamic New Year, also known as Arabic New Year or Hijri New Year (Arabic: رأس السنة الهجرية Raʼs al-Sanah al-Hijrīyah), is the day that marks the beginning of a new Hijri year, and is the day on which the year count is incremented. The first day of the year is observed on the first day of Muharram, the first month in the Islamic calendar.
The Atlanta murders of 1979–1981, sometimes called the Atlanta child murders, were a series of murders committed in Atlanta, Georgia, between July 1979 and May 1981. Over the two-year period, at least 28 children, adolescents, and adults were killed.
The BBC World Service, is the world's largest international broadcaster, which broadcasts radio and television news, speech and discussions in more than 40 languages to many parts of the world on analogue and digital shortwave platforms, internet streaming, podcasting, satellite, DAB, FM and MW relays.
Lillian Roth (December 13, 1910 – May 12, 1980) was an American singer and actress. Her life story was told in the 1955 film I'll Cry Tomorrow, in which she was portrayed by Susan Hayward, who was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance as Roth.